In Greek mythology, the Amazons were a tribe of strong lady warriors. In some versions of the myth, they lived in isolation, at the edge of the civilised world, and only communicated with men in order to reproduce. Proud to live in their own community, the Amazons didn’t allow men to enter their country, and would only meet them once a year to prevent their community from dying out. After giving birth, they only kept their female babies, leaving the boys with the neighbouring tribe.
1. The Amazons and their love for war
The Amazons were known for their brutality, courage and aggressiveness. And while most Greek women spent their time taking care of the education of their kids, the Amazons’ main concern in life was war. Most Greek artists and sculptors depicted them on horseback, clad in hoplite armour. And some mythological legends recounted that they liked battle so much that they even cut off their right breast in order to be able to use a bow more efficiently!
2. The Amazons and Theseus
To the Greek eye, the Amazons were a great threat. So it’s no surprise that they appear in many myths and legends, fighting with some of the most celebrated Greek heroes. One famous story is that of Theseus, who angered the Amazons by abducting and marrying one of their companions, Antiope. The Amazons didn’t like the idea of losing one of their own, and attacked Athens in order to rescue her. Theseus and his forces defeated them, but during the battle Antiope was accidentally killed by Molpadia, another Amazon, who, in turn, was killed by Theseus.
3. The Amazons and Hercules
An even more famous story is the battle between the Amazons and Hercules, the greatest of all Greek heroes. Eurystheus, the King of Tyrins, asked the hero to bring him the belt of Hippolyte, the Amazon Queen. Not an easy task for Hercules: Ares, the God of war himself, had given Hippolyte the belt because she was the best warrior of all the Amazons. Hercules and his fleet reached the land of the Amazons, killed Hippolyte and took her belt. Yes, the Amazons had lost again… but not before proving their strength and astuteness in a great battle.
4. Greek Amazons as a metaphor for the uncivilised world
The Greeks were smart enough to use the Mythological stories of the Amazons to their advantage. As well as losing in all the legendary battles against the Greeks, the warrior women and their cultural practices embodied the idea of the “uncivilised”. The tale could therefore serve the ideological goal of the Greeks and show everyone that they were strong and unbeatable. And so, Greek artists and sculptors started to decorate their buildings with battles of Amazons against Greek winning warriors. Such wars are called “Amazonomachies”, and there’s a great example on a frieze of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, at the British Museum.
5. Learning about great women of the past
The Greek Amazons were a bit like the Wonder Women of the past. And while history is often read from a male perspective (most rulers, writers and artists of the past were males), there are some interesting stories about women too. For example, The British Museum’s Mausoleum of Halicarnassus commemorates the king and his wife (and sister!) Artemisia. Some say that after the death of her husband she inherited the throne and ruled on her own. Girl power!
If you enjoyed this post, check out our Art History class on the Amazons below. We have several Art History classes for kids and adults over on our Instagram and Facebook pages, and the blog (including how the Greeks handled a health crisis!)
To get Art History lessons, homeschool activities and ways to experience museums and culture while you’re stuck at home direct to your inbox, be sure to sign up for updates from the THATMuse blog.